Unequal Partners: American Foundations and Higher Education Development in Africa offers a nuanced analysis of a US-led foundation initiative of uncommon ambition, featuring seven foundations with a shared commitment to strengthen capacity in higher education in Sub-Saharan African universities. From a sociological perspective, the author puts new philanthropic trends into historical context even as he examines the conditions under which philanthropy can be effective, the impasses that foundations often face, and the novel context in which philanthropy operates today.
This study therefore assesses a genuinely important topic while engaging two issues around which there is emerging interest among researchers and practitioners alike: the shifting grounds on which higher education globally is positioned and the role of global philanthropy within these changing contexts. This is especially important in a moment where higher education is once again recognized as a driver of development and income growth, where knowledge economies requiring additional levels of education are displacing economies predicated on manufacturing, and – amidst this all – in a context where higher education itself appears increasingly precarious and under dramatic pressures to adapt to new conditions. Foundations play a role in facilitating this transformation and in responding to these new conditions but not in ways that are well understood or widely accepted. The book offers the tantalizing promise of allowing us to better understand the conditions of our changing present, the future that foundations would allow us to inhabit, and the constraints and possibilities that all actors involved in these efforts face.
There have been a number of recent studies of foundations, on the one hand, and higher education, on the other. Despite a long history of foundation support for higher education, there have been few books that have engaged the subject of foundations and higher education or research. This in itself makes the project novel and an original contribution that will attract attention from university-based readers and readers who are interested in the role foundations play in cultivating institutional capacity generally. Moreover, many of the more recent books on foundations have tacked between two extremes, at once excessively generic in subject matter in their efforts to look at foundations as a broadly conceived field or excessively focused on a single philanthropic organization. Similarly, recent books on the topic have been excessively laudatory of the role of foundations, or too satisfied with mere criticism, viewing them as empty vehicles for other interests, whether those of corporations or states.
The book resists gravitation to these poles and instead offers a depiction of philanthropic activity that is original in three specific ways. First, Jaumont looks at conditions under which philanthropic efforts were successful in achieving their intent. Second, with a sociologist’s imagination he captures the conditions of possibility that allow foundations to effect change and influence grantees, governments, and other foundations alike. Third he looks at efforts of foundations to act in concert and the constraints they face. In exploring in granular detail these three areas of inquiry, he simultaneously offers a nuanced theory of how institutions can influence external actors and motivate transformation.
For this reason alone, even without the rich description of a broadly interesting case study, the book should attract broad sociological interest. Moreover, Jaumont moves these discussions forward in a number of ways. First, he does more than neatly stitch together anecdotal evidence. He has assembled an impressive dataset that greatly exceeds anything analyzed at present. Moreover, by focusing on a set of interrelated and overlapping efforts by seven foundations, he has set the parameters of his study more carefully than other researchers. His dataset is vast and concisely defined at the same time, no small feat. He supplements this data set with an impressive array of interviews, drawing attention to the question of how foundations both establish and make use of their legitimacy, their authority, and their capability to effect change in the world.
Unequal Partners: American Foundations and Higher Education Development in Africa:
- Offers a flesh and bone approach to international development for a wide audience, including international organizations, governmental agencies and NGOs involved in international assistance
- Provides insights into building the educational capital of developing countries
- Analyzes the role of American philanthropy abroad and its impact on higher education in Sub-Saharan Africa
Fabrice Jaumont has written a book that needed to be written decades ago. […] Jaumont provides a fair portrayal of major foundation players in African higher education. Rather than present these foundations as saviors that uplift higher education on the continent, Jaumont presents a nuanced view, detailing the profound impact as well as the “unequal” relationships that result when one of the partners has more resources and the other is in need of resources. […] Overall, Unequal Partners is beautifully written, succinctly and effectively argued, and timely.
—Marybeth Gasman University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA, USA
A must read for those interested in working with development agencies and for those depending on donor funding for development.
—Teboho Moja, Professor and Program Director, Higher Education Program, New York University, USA
An important resource for those interested in understanding or improving educational philanthropy.
—Richard Arum, Professor of Sociology and Dean, School of Education, University of California Irvine, USA
This book is vitally important at a moment when higher education is internationalizing and global partnerships proliferate.
—Thomas Asher, Program Director, Social Science Research Council
Fabrice Jaumont’s study is a welcome addition to the still small but growing corpus of research on American philanthropy in Africa, a sector that has yet to be fully analyzed or understood.
—Vartan Gregorian, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York, USA
- Unequal Partners, reviewed by Elizabeth Bruce, Harvard Africa Policy Journal, Spring 2018
- Unequal Partners, reviewed by Diana Famakinwa, Anthropology & Education, March 2018
- Unequal Partners, reviewed by Kyle A. Long, Philanthropy & Education Journal, Vol. 1, Iss. 1, November 2017
- Maximum Impact, Assessing global philanthropy — and strategic partnerships — in an age of funding gaps, by Robert Nolan, Carnegie Reporter, July 5, 2017
- What role do U.S. foundations play abroad?, by Sabith Khan, Habits of the Arts, January 18, 2017
- Philanthropy and Higher Education in Africa, by Elizabeth Rose DALY, Liz Daly’s Culture Digest, December 15, 2016
- Talking Policy: Fabrice Jaumont on Higher Education in Africa, interview by Stephen Barry, World Policy Journal, November 4, 2016
- One Good Question with Fabrice Jaumont: How Parent Organizing Leads to Revolution, by Rhonda Broussard, One Good Question, August 2, 2016
Article by the Author
- Fabrice Jaumont. (December 2016) A History of Unequal Partnerships between American Foundations and African Universities in HistPhi.
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Unequal Partners: American Foundations and Higher Education Development in Africa, by Fabrice Jaumont
Series: Philanthropy & Education
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan US | 2016
Number of pages: 176 pp.
eBook ISBN: 978-1-137-59348-1 | Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-137-59346-7 | Softcover ISBN: 978-1-137-59347-4
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