Current Research Projects
The size, scope and impact of philanthropic organizations on development assistance have never been greater. In the United States, recent data indicates that revenues, expenditures, and assets in the sector are growing. Foundations are experiencing strong growth, a second golden age comparable to the period when these organizations were gaining legal recognition. Despite a significant slowdown during the Great Recession, growth also characterizes the long-term trend of individual giving. Much more than an American phenomenon, efforts to document transnational trends in philanthropic, not-for-profit, and civil society-led initiatives reveal a burgeoning global model. This research project aims to highlight the role of American philanthropy in development aid through the relationship of American foundations with private and public universities, research institutes, cultural centers, schools and continuing education in the Global South, and especially in Africa. This research project is hosted by Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme in Paris.
Philanthropy in Education initiative
This initiative is organized and facilitated by NORRAG which has put together a global symposium series. The opening event took place in Geneva in November 2017, followed by a joint presention in Mexico City in March 2018, a symposium in Beijing in January 2018, and several upcoming events in South Africa and the UAE. We are currently working on an editing volume Philanthropy in Education: Diverse Perspectives and Global Trends. The volume includes chapters from authors with diverse voices on the many ways in which philanthropic actors are engaging not only with local education sectors, in a variety of countries including Brazil, Peru, Nigeria, the USA and India, but also larger trends in the sector such as new approaches to finance, the role of global policy partnerships and expanded possibilities for corporate social responsibility through corporate foundations.
Fabrice Jaumont’s participation in this symposium series is made possible with the support of
Rethinking the Relationship between Foundations and Universities on Africa’s Development Agenda. In N’Dri T. Assie-Lumumba (ed.) African Renaissance, Education, and Social Transformation: Endogenous Foundation, Historical Contingencies, and Purposeful Fusion for Africa’s Progress. (CODESRIA Publishing, n.d., accepted). With Teboho Moja.
Collaboration in Development despite a Relationship of Unequals between American Foundations and African Universities in Natasha Ridge and Arushi Terway (eds.) Philanthropy in Education (Edward Elgar Publishing, n.d., accepted). With Teboho Moja.
Jaumont, F. (2018). Partenaires inégaux : fondations américaines et universités en Afrique. Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Jaumont, F. (2016). The Dynamics of Collaboration between U.S. Philanthropic Foundations and African Universities in Alphin, Lavin, Stark, Hoker, Facilitating Higer Education Growth through Fundraising and Philanthropy, IGI Global.
Unequal Partners: American Foundations and Higher Education Development in Africa, 2016, Palgrave MacMillan (PDF)
Jaumont, Fabrice, and Jack Klempay. “Measuring the Influence of Language on Grant-Making by US Foundations in Africa”. Reconsidering Development 4, no. 1 (2015): 4. (PDF)
Strategic Philanthropy, Organizational Legitimacy, and the Development of Higher Education in Africa: The Partnership for Higher Education in Africa (2000-2010). ProQuest 2014 (PDF)
L’influence des fondations américaines sur le développement des universités africaines (PDF)
Past Research Projects
French Heritage Language Education in the United States
Promoting heritage language learning benefits all learners. This principle has resonated particularly well in the context of Boston, Washington DC, San Francisco, and New York City’s French-speaking communities, where parents from diverse backgrounds and ethnic communities have become builders of French language educational opportunities for their children. In New York City these include European and Canadian expatriates in Manhattan and West Brooklyn, West Africans in Harlem and the Bronx, Haitians in East Queens and East Brooklyn, and North Africans in West Queens. This diversity in national origins, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status make the French case unique. Importantly, collaborations between multiple partners of different socioeconomic, racial, and ethnic backgrounds, from government agencies to parent organizations have motivated this transformation in French heritage language education. Parent associations in particular have been of critical importance in promoting bilingual programs and language support and generating the larger community and governmental support necessary to sustain innovative programs in public schools. Thus, the combined efforts of multiple partners have helped to achieve a significant range of opportunities for French heritage speakers in New York and elsewhere. In order to create and develop linguistic opportunities that will strengthen the communities, French bilingual and heritage programs in urban centers and in traditionally French areas like Maine and Louisiana have required a solid tri-partite partnership – strong commitment from the schools, qualified teachers who understand the needs of heritage speakers, and ceaseless involvement from the parents at all levels. Thus, from the collaboration of various governmental and nongovernmental partners has emerged a rich landscape of opportunities for French heritage speakers in the United States. Successful community-led initiatives have been achieved throughthe willingness of different communities to work together – the fruit of multiple partners fromlocal, national, and international organizations; private foundations; parent groups; and education officials.
Jaumont, F., Ross, J., and Le Dévédec, B. (2017). “Institutionalization of French Heritage language Education in U.S. School Systems in Kagan”, Olga E. , Maria M. Carreira and Claire Hitchins Chik. The Routledge Handbook of Heritage Language Education. Abingdon: Routledge.
Jaumont, F. (2012) Directory of French dual-language programs in the United States (PDF)
Jaumont, F. (2012) French dual-language programs in the United States (PDF)
Ross, J. & Jaumont, F. (2012) Révolution bilingue pour la communauté francophone (PDF)
Ross, J. & Jaumont, F. La vitalité du français en tant que langue d’héritage aux Etats-Unis (PDF)
Jaumont, F., Ross, J., Schulz, J., Dunn, J., and Ducrey, L. (2016). “Sustainability of French Heritage Language Education in the United States in Handbook of Research and Practice in Heritage Language Education”, Springer International Handbooks of Education (pp. 1-18)
Jane F. Ross et Fabrice Jaumont, “Maintien et transmission de l’héritage linguistique chez les francophones des Etats-Unis”. Québec français 174 (2015): 43–44.
Jaumont, F., and Ross, J. (2014). “French Heritage Language Communities in the United States” in T. Wiley, J. K. Peyton, D. Christian, S. C. Moore, and N. Liu. Handbook of Heritage and Community Languages in the United States (pp. 101-110). Oxford, U.K.: Routledge. (PDF)
Jane Ross and Fabrice Jaumont. (2013). “French Language Vitality in the US” in Heritage Language Journal. Vol. 10, No 3. (pp. 316-317) (PDF)
Jaumont, F., and Ross, J. (2012). “Building Bilingual Communities: NYC’s French Bilingual Revolution” in O. García, Z. Zakharia, and B. Otcu (Eds.), Bilingual Community Education and Multilingualism (pp. 232-246). Bristol, U.K.: Multilingual Matters. (PDF)